Because it requires breaking the skin barrier, tattooing carries health risks including infection and allergic reactions. Tattooing can be uncomfortable to excruciating depending on the area and can result in the person fainting. Modern tattooists reduce risks by following universal precautions working with single-use items and sterilizing their equipment after each use. Many jurisdictions require that tattooists have blood-borne pathogen training such as that provided through the Red Cross and OSHA. As of 2009 (in the United States) there have been no reported cases of HIV contracted from tattoos.
In amateur tattooing, such as that practiced in prisons, however, there is an elevated risk of infection. Infections that can theoretically be transmitted by the use of unsterilized tattoo equipment or contaminated ink include surface infections of the skin, fungal infections, some forms of hepatitis, herpes simplex virus, HIV, staph, tetanus, and tuberculosis.
However, while she may be the founder of a beauty brand, that’s not to say Alba doesn’t regret some of the choices she’s made over the years when it comes to modifying her body.
“I do have a few tattoos, and I regret one of them…maybe two,” Alba told .
Describing one tattoo – a bow inked in the middle of her lower back – as a “tramp stamp”, she continued, saying that she is “irritated” by another, a set of flowers, tattooed on her neck.